1 oz Queen’s Beast Black Bull of Clarence Gold Coin (2018)
(Excluding International Orders)
The 1 oz Black Bull of Clarence gold coin is the 5th release in the 10-coin Queen’s Beasts series from The Royal Mint.
Gold bull coins contain 1 troy oz of .9999 fine gold. These are sovereign coins fully backed by the British government.
The back of the coin features the powerful Bull of Clarence along with the weight, purity and year-date. The bull has long been associated with power and strength and its appearance on the Royal Arms and on coins dates back to the fifteenth century when Edward IV became the first Yorkist King of England.
An effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II adorns the front of the coin along with the face value of 5 pounds.
The Queen’s Beasts are inspired by centuries of history and royal heraldry. The ten coins depict the genealogy of Queen Elizabeth II, with each of the heraldic beasts symbolizing the various strands of The Queen’s royal ancestry.
The original beasts were a series of 6-foot tall statues that stood guard outside The Queen’s coronation ceremony in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953.
Today, they are re-imagined as beautiful, bullion coins.
Each proud beast was used as a heraldic badge by generations that came before Queen Elizabeth II. Centuries ago, these badges adorned the flags and shields of armies as they charged into battle -- not only to identify each side but also to serve as a symbol of royal lineage and title.
The Black Bull of Clarence is a ‘Yorkist’ beast which came to The Queen through Edward IV, the first king of England from the House of York and one of the key players in the ‘Wars of the Roses’.
Assisted by the Earl of Warwick who was known as the ‘kingmaker’, Edward took power from Henry VI, overturning a troubled Lancastrian rule. Henry VI fled to Scotland, but later briefly returned to the throne before he was finally defeated in battle by Edward in 1461. His execution at the Tower left no doubt over the new king’s reign. Edward IV is said to have often used the bull as a symbol, as did his brother, Richard III, the last York king. Edward’s original claim to the throne was as the great-grandson of Roger Mortimer, descendant of the Duke of Clarence, who Richard II had named as his successor but who was usurped by his nephew, Henry IV.
At The Queen’s coronation the Black Bull of Clarence held a shield with the Royal Arms as they were borne for more than 200 years, not only by the Yorkist kings but by the Lancastrians that went before and the Tudors who came after. The shield has two quarters with the gold lions of England, adopted by Richard I, and two with the golden lilies of France, added by Edward III to support his claim to the French throne.
Ancient Black Bull of Clarence heraldic badge.